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    New Title: Government Forces Clash with Demonstrators in Panama Over Operation of Major Copper Mine

    ByThemba Hadebe

    Nov 14, 2023
    New Title: Government Forces Clash with Demonstrators in Panama Over Operation of Major Copper Mine

    In a tense standoff, clashes erupted between law enforcement and protesters in Panama as the government defended its decision to allow a Canadian company to continue operating the largest copper mine in Central America. Concerns over potential environmental damage have driven citizens to take to the streets, demanding greater protection for natural resources and an end to the destruction of their lands.

    The demonstration began on Friday and gained momentum over the weekend, with protesters blocking roads and setting tires ablaze. On Monday, the unrest continued in Panama City and other provinces, where demonstrators brandished signs that read “Protect our natural resources” and “Stop destroying our lands.” The situation became so volatile that the government decided to cancel school for the day, fearing further riots. Traffic in Panama City was greatly disrupted, leading to the closure of some metro stations.

    To disband the gathering crowds, police resorted to firing tear gas, resulting in the arrest of 25 individuals. The clashes highlight the deep-seated concerns harbored by the opposition regarding the potential repercussions of First Quantum’s continued operations at the mine, which is owned by their subsidiary, Minera Panama.

    Originally, the mining rights were granted to Minera Panama until 2037. However, this concession was deemed unconstitutional by Panama’s Supreme Court in 2021, prompting negotiations between the government and First Quantum. The finalized agreement, which was reached earlier this year, stipulates that the company will now pay the government a minimum of $375 million annually, ten times more than previously mandated. Additionally, the contract allows First Quantum to operate in Panama for 20 years, with the possibility of a renewal for another 20 years.

    Despite these amendments, opponents argue that the financial compensation offered by First Quantum is still inadequate, especially considering the potential environmental threats posed by the mine. Protesters are calling for the repeal of a newly passed law that formalizes the agreement, asserting that their fight is against the sale of their homeland.

    Labor leader Saul Mendez encapsulates the sentiment of many demonstrators, stating, “We are in a fight against the sale of our homeland.” The government, on the other hand, emphasizes the economic benefits brought about by the mine, highlighting its contributions to both direct and indirect employment. The mine reportedly generates approximately 8,000 direct jobs and an additional 40,000 indirect jobs, making a significant contribution of 4 percent to the country’s GDP.

    The clashes between protesters and police reflect a deep division and opposing perspectives regarding the future of the Canadian-operated copper mine. As the stand-off continues, both sides remain resolute in their convictions, making it increasingly challenging to find common ground and resolve the ongoing dispute.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    1. Why are the protesters demonstrating in Panama?
    – The protesters are concerned about potential environmental damage caused by operations at the Canadian-operated copper mine.

    2. What triggered the clashes between the police and protesters?
    – The clashes were sparked by the government’s decision to allow the Canadian company, First Quantum, to continue operating the mine despite concerns raised by the opposition.

    3. What demands are the protesters making?
    – The protesters are demanding greater protection for natural resources and the repeal of a law that formalizes the agreement with First Quantum.

    4. How has the government responded to the protests?
    – The government has deployed tear gas to disperse the protesters and has made several arrests. They assert that the mine brings significant economic benefits to the country.

    5. What is the significance of the copper mine to the Panamanian economy?
    – The mine generates approximately 8,000 direct jobs and an additional 40,000 indirect jobs, contributing 4 percent to the country’s GDP.